The past cannot be changed and REBT places very little emphasis on discussing it; instead, REBT works to replace the illogical beliefs with logical ones. In REBT thought, irrational beliefs are the cause of human neuroses, including depression and anxiety.
Many of these self-defeating beliefs are indoctrinated in early life and grow stronger as a person continually revisits them. As mentioned previously, according to the A-B-C theory of personality, the belief, not the activating event, causes the emotional consequence. When the belief is irrational, the emotion is not healthy.
The consequences of irrational beliefs can be relatively mild procrastination, for example but can also be extremely disruptive, immobilizing, or even dangerous. Irrational beliefs will often be obvious in how people talk to themselves. Asking the question, "What are you telling yourself about. Irrational beliefs probably exist as extreme, automatic attitudes or extreme, evaluative, psychological schemas about which people are not too clearly aware which generate the absolute language, the "must.
Part of the difficulty in changing the irrational beliefs is becoming aware that they are present. As would be expected, REBT argues that mental wellness results from a surfeit of rational beliefs and an absence of self-defeating beliefs. When a stressful activating event occurs and the operating belief is a rational one, then the resulting emotional consequence is not unhealthy or immobilizing.
This does not mean a healthy person never experiences sorrow or displeasure, but REBT does hope to keep debilitating emotions to a minimum. REBT teaches that unconditional self-acceptance is of prime importance in achieving wellness.
How to Think and Intervene Like an REBT Therapist - Windy Dryden - Google книги
Healthy people know that they are not perfect and will continue to make mistakes, but see themselves as worthwhile nevertheless. They consider themselves valuable just as a result of being alive; in fact, they relish life and they have the capacity to continually enjoy themselves. The D stands for disputing: the therapist helps the client to challenge the irrational belief B.
REBT teaching suggests that the therapist ask the client if there is any evidence for the belief, or what would be the worst possible outcome if the client were to give up that belief.
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In therapy the counselor may point out faulty beliefs, but he or she also teaches the client how to dispute them in day-to-day life outside of therapy. How to think and intervene like an REBT therapist. London: Routledge. ISBN [Book].
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Therapists in Boston, MA
Trainee therapists often stick rigidly to the therapeutic guidelines that are taught to them on their training course, or adopted from a book, regardless of their approach. Professionals need to continually challenge their own irrational thinking, getting rid of their demands that their job should always be easy, that their students should always behave perfectly, or that they will always be treated fairly.
They must stop making overgeneralizations about student behavior or performance, avoid awfulizing about their work conditions, refrain from equating their own self-worth with their performance as a teacher; and force themselves to give up their demandingness that everything should come easily to their students. Adults are important models, and although it is difficult to develop a rational stance toward life when surrounded by irrationality in the world, every effort to teach rational principles, directly or indirectly, will help facilitate healthy emotional development.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Ames, C. Classrooms: Goals, structures and student motivation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84 , — CrossRef Google Scholar. Bandura, A.
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